So you have been hearing malware from the time you became a computer user and now you wonder exactly how many Different Types of Malware are really out there? This is common human nature because, unless you are from a star wars planet or some sought of future galaxy, the term malware, which is a short phrase for ( “malicious software”) is a popular household name that’s mentioned almost everyday, even on news websites like the BBC, which said it to have received several complaints that preinstalled apps on the phone were malicious these days .
I’ll not go into explaining much about malware, other than the different types of malware you must know. Which I strongly believe is the reason you have landed on this page. But just in case you want to learn more, In these previous articles I have covered detailed information about malware, how to prevent malicious software, the common sources of malware and the best anti-virus software and anti-malware tools if you are using windows you must have to give you maximum protection.
Below Is a break down for Different Types of Malware (malicious programs) and a brief description of each, that attack and infect most Computers and other devices.
Spyware: Just like the name suggests, designed to spy on data and sensitive information mostly accessed. It mostly hides in the background and takes notes on what one does online. It can attach itself to the browser or Computer, while spying on user passwords, Bank account details, including credit card numbers, surfing habits, and more.
Worms: This type of Malware called Worms can infect entire networks of devices, either local or across Home internet. They use a built in network interfaces. It a network that uses each part and a loop consecutively infected machine to infect others.
Virus: The most common Malware. Just like its biological namesakes, viruses attach themselves to clean files and running software on Computers and device to infect the functionalities of clean files. They can spread uncontrollably just like the way Human viruses infect human cells, but these actually cause damage to a system’s core functionality and deleting all personal files. They usually appear as an executable file mostly known as the (.exe).
Trojans: A very sophisticated Malware software hidden in legitimate software that has been tampered with. This kind of malware disguises itself as legitimate software, acting discreetly and creates back-doors in device security to let other malware come in and cause vulnerabilities to a device.
Botnets: Botnets are networks of infected computers that are made to work together under the control of an attacker. A botnet is a group of computers connected in a coordinated fashion for malicious purposes. Each computer in a botnet is called a bot.
Adware: Adware automatically generates and displays online advertisements in the user interface of the software or on a screen that pops up in the user’s face during the installation process. And that’s when one starts seeing dubious miracle weight loss programs, offers for get-rich-quick secrets, and bogus virus warnings that invite you to click. Though not always malicious in nature, aggressive advertising software can undermine mostly the security just to serve you ads — which can give other malware an easy way in.
Ransomware: A type of malicious software, or malware, typically spreads through phishing emails or by unknowingly visiting an infected website. This kind of malware typically locks down a computer and important files, and threatens to erase everything unless one pays a ransom.
Now that you have learnt about common types of malware. Take note: Malware is a broad term that refers to a variety of malicious programs, the amount and variety of malicious programs out there is enough to make your head spin.
- Common Sources Of Malware Infections
- How to Protect Your PC from Malware and Remove It
- What’s Malware?